This level of
BLS must be mastered by all entry personnel
(Step 1: Stop
the situation) - Is the area secured?
Never start treating a patient before the entire building is safe. - Is the patient conscious?
Talk to the patient and tell him how he can help himself.
(Step 2: After
the area is secure start ABC) - Stop only
life threatening bleeding (direct pressure / tourniquet)
Look: Look for and repair
blocked airways. Look to see if the chest raises and lowers.
Feel: Feel for respiration
against hand or cheek.
Listen: Listen for breathing
for 10 sec. (Hissing, gurgling, piping sound)
C-spine check: Immobilise if
it is safe.
No breathing and no
conscious = Cardiac Arrest.
Start CPR if the situations allows.
at the chest for any damages, front and back
Feel: Feel the
ribs for fractures or other damages
Listen: Listen for
sound that could appear from damage to the lungs.
the lungs by tapping, to hear if they are filed with blood.
If any damage to the lungs, apply an air tight dressing that can function as
Remember to be careful if the person might have spin damage.
For bleedings and wounds. Apply dressing (pack to bone)
Check Pulse: A
primitive way to decide the blood pressure is done by feeling for the pulse
on the wrist (radials) if you feel it, the pulse, the blood pressure is ok.
Infusion: If you
cannot feel the pulse in the wrists the blood pressure is to low. The
patient needs liquid infusion ASAP.
Keep warm: Isolate
Check A-B-C again. Continue to do so until a medic takes